Periodontal disease, sometimes called gum disease, is an infection affecting the gums and connective tissues. If plaque and tartar (films of bacteria) remain on the teeth for too much time, the bacteria in them slide to and along the gums, resulting in major soreness and eventual tooth loss.
Periodontal disease comes in different varieties: gingivitis and periodontitis.
If you have developed gingivitis, you’re on the better side of the disease. Gingivitis is the junior stage of periodontitis, and it’s reversible with a bit of help from your dentist. When you have gingivitis, your gums will show as red, bloody and puffy.
The more severe stage of gum disease is known as periodontitis, and in it, the swollen gums recede from the teeth and develop bacteria-filled pockets; this can lead to losing teeth. As your body tries to fight the infection, it may break down bones and the tissues supporting the teeth, leaving intense damage. If you have periodontitis, please seek professional guidance now.
There are a couple of things you can do to avoid gum disease. As always, we recommend that you brush twice every day, floss once daily and follow a healthy diet. For further information about periodontal disease, please set up your next visit with our practice in San Antonio, TX, by calling 210-526-0925. Dr. Watson and Dr. Peña and the staff of W Dental Group would be happy to answer any of your questions.